National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa. The second year the flowers are developed and the seed formed, and after ripening the seed the plant dies. Seed Characteristics Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink. Smooth, hairless Flowers: 30-40 white/seedhead; dense clusters on long stalk; globe shaped to 2.5 cm diameter; pale pink/white, fade to brown Pods: small, oblong pods containing 3-4 seeds Seeds:brown/yellow; egg/hear… White clover is a cool-season perennial with a prostrate, stoloniferous growth form, 5 to 8 inches long. 0000001928 00000 n Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. Description. White clover is best suited to soils which have good moisture holding ability. [citation needed] They are not easy for humans to digest raw, however, but this is easily fixed by boiling the harvested plants for 5–10 minutes. Henning, J. C. and H. N. Wheaton. h=�;��ⳡ- ��GB��9Ή�b���4�YД=nz #hG[5�ׄ��u�A��^i��ۙ�������w����f��������-�puu}�k���(H(�3����Dr It improves forage quality above a pure grass stand and supplies nitrogen for grass growth. xref When teddered, Stamina White Clover has proven to cure. Leafy variety with big leaves that are compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass, red clover, and alfalfa. 0000009833 00000 n Addition of white clover to pastures will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock. "The pastoral significance, adaptive characteristics, and grazing value of white clover (, Caradus, J. R. "Genetic diversity within white clover (, Yadav, A. K. 2004. Some stolons may be buried. 0000003202 00000 n [33] However, while there have been a few reports of phytoestrogenic effects of white clover on grazing ruminants,[33] these have been far less common than such reports regarding some varieties of subterranean and red clover. "Effects of white clover (. The most commonly cultivated is white clover, Trifolium repens. [42], Repens means 'creeping' or 'stoloniferous'.[42]. [citation needed]. The tincture of leaves is used as an ointment for Gout. Almost always, a white clover will be trifoliolate. Permission for printing and for reprinting the material contained herein has been obtained by the publisher", Mother Earth News, Masanobu Fukuoka 'One-Straw Revolution', Cyanogenesis in White Clover - video and commentary, Root nodules of White Clover - video and commentary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trifolium_repens&oldid=994087862, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, National symbols of the Republic of Ireland, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 01:37. Spherical seedhead Leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side. In clover …are red clover (Trifolium pratense), white clover (T. repens), and alsike clover (T. hybridum). 1980. 0000010761 00000 n It is native in Europe and Central Asia, ubiquitous throughout the British Isles,[17][3] introduced in North America, South Africa, New Zealand, Japan and elsewhere, and globally cultivated as a forage crop. White clover invades agricultural land and other disturbed sites. prostratum Nyman (Western Clover) Trifolium repens var. "The physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and Alec Lazenby. endstream endobj 138 0 obj<>/Metadata 22 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 21 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 24 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060726162850)/PageLabels 19 0 R>> endobj 139 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 140 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 141 0 obj<> endobj 142 0 obj<> endobj 143 0 obj<> endobj 144 0 obj<> endobj 145 0 obj<> endobj 146 0 obj[/ICCBased 160 0 R] endobj 147 0 obj<> endobj 148 0 obj<> endobj 149 0 obj<> endobj 150 0 obj<> endobj 151 0 obj<>stream 0000001303 00000 n x�bbd`b``Ń3�%U@� l! Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6(1): 13–51. White clover, found throughout the United States, is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by stolons or above ground runners. 0000055620 00000 n White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. 0000007908 00000 n Journal of Animal Science 73, no. Clover is the common name given to a group of approximately 300 leguminous plants in the genus Trifolium, in the family Fabaceae. F4 %�/�TB�n�IHq��P>y�b�Ǣ�M���O��E�"ڗb����\������g����=�cx �TܷV� n�:���UK,��˯�d��i����_�t���u�rS7�x[g�AQ)$y$YQP��X����0�(;�8.�`�~��`�=�;? The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables. Trifolium repens is a tetraploid (4n=32) with two diploid ancestors. 2 (2003): 353-372. It is quite tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader. Description White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a creeping, herbaceous, perennial legume that spreads by means of a branched network of stolons (Ecocrop, 2011; FAO, 2011). AGR-93. zH{�e�R�H)'p���K��0���R\���R�_��K��v��=����Nn� ����+�]��iY�A9�� �� Thus it is commonly found in land which is now used for horticulture where is often no longer wanted, and thus is considered a weed. No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. White, ladino and sweet clover. In 1996 NZ produced almost 50% (5,000MT) of the world’s clover seed. Greenlands Flora 326 pp. White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged with pink. Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. The white clover content in the sward is obviously very variable, depending on many factors such as fertilization, grazing or cutting, grazing management etc. However, one can, but only rarely, possess four leaflets. The stems function as stolons, so whit… "Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover by flavonoid compounds." The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees and often by honey bees. and T. occidentale Coombe All rights reserved. Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of white clover. Gayana, Botánica 42: 1–157. [15] The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees[16] and often by honey bees. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. White clover can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover. Description. [18] In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. 0000014990 00000 n Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock,[37] its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. Estudio taxonómico de las Leguminosas del Parque Nacional Area Natural de Manejo Integrado (PN-ANMI) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a White clover. H��UMo�0��W�h�+)�E����v0�C��c+�6�*,�A��GR��nI1���V����'��2�rE�BA���e Among forage plants, some white clover varieties tend to be favored by rather close grazing, because of their stoloniferous habit,[34][35] which can contribute to competitive advantage. Univ. A new intermediate- type white clover with high stolen density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure. [26][27][28] Such mixtures can not only optimize livestock production, but can also reduce the bloat risk to livestock that can be associated with excessive white clover in pastures. White clover is one of the most widely-grown forage legume crops in the world. 0000055398 00000 n 0000002863 00000 n 1985. 1993. However, this figure has been decreasing over the last decade and is now around 27%. 0000005320 00000 n Found in a Crimson Clover production field and subjected to six cycles of intense recurrent phenotypic selection, White Cloud is truly white with white seeds. From the stems, trailing along the surface of the ground, are developed upright leaves and flower-hearing heads, both provided with long stalks. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. Böcher, T. W. 1978. 0000063491 00000 n 1 (1991): 87-93. Tangpu, V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. 0000004495 00000 n macrorrhizum Boiss. White clover content. Penn State University Extension. The infusion of plant flower is … Barnes, R. F., C. J. Nelson, M. Collins, and K. J. Moore (eds.). White clover is found throughout the United States. endstream endobj 169 0 obj<>/Size 137/Type/XRef>>stream It has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. 0000000994 00000 n Mature Plant Description. Description. "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. It is a large leaf clover, very high in protein, vitamins, and minerals. Alsike clover, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads. [31] Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots,[32] and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. Botanical description: White Clover is a perennial which in its natural state grows in patches. startxref Description Trifolium repens,L, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. 0 137 34 White clover is commonly grown in mixtures with forage grasses, e.g. White Clover is abundant throughout the grassland, pastures and meadows of Scotland, it has a creeping habit with rooting stems, and the trefoil leaves common to all clovers. trailer Anticestodal activity of. Product Description Clover is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new lawn started or when overseeding an existing lawn. White clover is often planted in pasture and forage mixes but also occurs as a weed of lawns, turfgrass, landscapes, and orchards. 0000001769 00000 n Initially, it produces several compound leaves from a short stem that grows only a little, after which this stem rapidly elongates and becomes up to 1' long. Carlsson, G., and K. Huss-Danell. The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. B 1251. The species name, repens, is Latin for "creeping". 0000025635 00000 n Plant and Soil 253, no. Ladino clover, is a large form of white clover, originated near Lodi in the Po River Valley in northern Italy. [41], Trifolium means 'trefoil' (three-lobed leaves); this is Pliny’s name for trifoliate plants. Territorial Seed Description: Trifolium repens – Growing to only 8 inches, this low perennial clover has a growth habit similar to White Dutch Clover but will stand drought conditions better, is more vigorous, and tolerates a wide range of soils. and Warburg., E.F. 1968. White clover is widely adapted. <<36D7C7DECF4D5346BC3D5E7401DDD994>]>> [40], In India, T. repens is considered a folk medicine against intestinal helminthic worms, and an experimental in-vivo study validated that the aerial shoots of T. repens bear significant anticestodal properties. Trifolium hybridum, alsike or Swedish clover, is a perennial which was introduced early in the 19th century and has now become naturalized in Britain.The flowers are white or rosy, and resemble those of Trifolium repens. It is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties. White clover is a low-growing forage legume used predominantly in pasture mixtures with grasses. %PDF-1.4 %���� Trifolium repens, white or Dutch clover, is a perennial abundant in meadows and good pastures.The flowers are white or pinkish, becoming brown and deflexed as the corolla fades. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. �&����t�in�v,�IS�d��\�Te,јe�sB5r�FQű���?��m1� "The Names of Plants". The flowering heads are borne on long stalks arising … %%EOF G4639. [23] Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year,[24] although usually much less, e.g. Suited to a wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of acidic soils. Anticestodal activity of Trifolium repens extract. "Nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the field." endstream endobj 152 0 obj<>stream 3 (1990): 325-336. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. White clover is a relatively low growing legume that spreads by stolons and can tolerate close grazing. "The digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. R., and T. A. Williams. U. Missouri Extension. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá 1–599. 0000055881 00000 n 0000008760 00000 n [36] For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá. [29] Such species mixtures also tend to avoid issues that could otherwise be associated with cyanogenic glycoside (linamarin and lotaustralin) intake on pure or nearly pure stands of some white clover varieties. It provides high quality feed for animals, it fixes nitrogen because it is a legume, and it is tolerant of grazing and trampling. 137 0 obj <> endobj The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. 6th ed. White clover has been described as the most important forage legume of the temperate zones. Leaves have three leaflets with a long erect petiole that is surrounded at the base by a membranous sheath. 2004. 0000011600 00000 n Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle." Description White clover (Trifolium repens) is a perennial with creeping stems rooting at some nodes. Useful species on infertile land (provided the soil is well fertilised with phosphorus and sulphur). ��X��nx��=#ְ�);�U��n7� t�c0�����L�0�L^���+���R��E1'��������8�i�O���PQǸRx����ۣ Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. 0000001480 00000 n 5 (1995): 1509-1515. 0000005243 00000 n Except for deserts, it is found throughout California, to about 4900 feet (about 1500 m). Orr, R. J., A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and T. T. Treacher. Leaves and roots develop along the stolon at the nodes. [15] It is often added to lawn seed mixes, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Agricultural Field … "Altervista Flora Italiana, Trifoglio strisciante, Weißklee, vitklöver, "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trifolium repens", http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr93/agr93.htm, http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/forages/species/white-clover, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Experimental evidence for the ancestry of allotetraploid Trifolium repens and creation of synthetic forms with value for plant breeding", "Hybridization and Introgression between Two Diploid Wild Relatives of White Clover, Trifolium nigrescens Viv. 0000004459 00000 n It is commonly found in turf where its … Siqueira, J. O., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair. 0000007059 00000 n It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. The stems function as stolons, so white clover often forms mats, with the stems creeping as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) a year, and rooting at the nodes. The year the seed germinates, only short leaves and stems are produced and no flowers. Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 656–658. [38] Native Americans ate some species raw. endstream endobj 153 0 obj<>stream *������H�j��Ko�̅f�0Ex�w��;"eP�):Óg� 2012. [18] [19][20][21] Additionally, it is possible that one of the diploid ancestors has yet to be analyzed, either because it has not been discovered or is extinct.[22]. Growing white clover in Kentucky. 0000004987 00000 n Proposed ancestors of Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium pallescens, and Trifolium uniflorum. It is adapted to a wide range of soils and climates and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States. Vol. [15] As a leguminous and hardy plant, it is considered to be a beneficial component of natural or organic pasture management and lawn care due to its ability to fix nitrogen and out-compete weeds. Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. White Dutch Clover will grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of a new home. Stems:smooth, hairless. The leaves have 3 oval and finely serrated leaflets each with a lighter green ‘new moon’ shape half way down each leaflet, like a … [15] The leaves form the symbol known as shamrock. Download this White Clover Wild Flower In Midwest Usa Meadow photo now. [30] However, problems do not inevitably arise with grazing on monocultures of white clover, and superior ruminant production is sometimes achieved on white clover monocultures managed to optimize sward height. Rasnake, M., G. D. Lacefield, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. Seedlings Several species are cultivated specifically for fodder. A single plant has thus the faculty of spreading over a wide area. Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. White Clover (Trifolium repens) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 6" tall, branching from the base. 0000008893 00000 n A major factor in this decline is that growers find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. The stems are creeping and root at the joints. Excellent yield and persistence for a long haul clover. about 110 to 170 kg N per hectare per year[25]) in root nodules of white clover obviates synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use for maintaining productivity on much temperate zone pasture land. Description . Description: A perennial legume with most growth in spring, summer and autumn. It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. Red Clover RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense L.) Botanical description: Red Clover is mainly biennial. ���1� ������>r�v���!�"�P����eЃ�-�ִÆ��������� 556 pp. x�b```�- R��A��bl,'n�30�: �:vΟ��B#�*�K�>��G�R���� i 6FAS -Ě`~�o�+�W}0Lj����8�9��ӄ4�+�50�S�~`d�4iʎ/�%�-O+x��33�1�c(`��$��@�������I���]@� ���X��Q�����\l�/S�$/�V������`R0 �)1� perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. 0000000016 00000 n 1. 0000002326 00000 n Clover species are generally small and are usually trifoliate (leaves possess three leaflets) although some species possess five or seven leaflets. The term 'white clover' is applied to the species in general, 'Dutch clover' is often applied to intermediate varieties (but sometimes to smaller varieties), and 'ladino clover' is applied to large varieties.[11][12][13][14]. Blackwell Publishing. Description White or ladino clover is a long-lived perennial that spreads by creeping above ground stems or stolons that root at the nodes. [39] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked as a herbal alternative to tobacco. 2004. Cambridge University Press. White clover establishment and management guide. It is native to Europe, including the British Isles,[3] and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. "Sward composition, animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep." ( leaves possess three leaflets ) although some species raw Leguminosas del Parque Nacional area natural de Manejo (! C. Galdames & M. Stapf, Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. J.,! Light crescent mark on upper side Trifolium, in the U.S., if not the world of... From crown rooting at some time in the Po River Valley in northern Italy or when overseeding existing... Product Description clover is the only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the U.S., not! The infusion of plant flower is … white clover contains a higher of. Is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties ' ( three-lobed leaves ;! Crescent mark on upper side Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607 ryegrass (, Evans, D. R., cover. Mixtures with white clover description grasses, e.g Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic which its..., leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side stolons from crown rooting at.! D. J. Thomson, D. R., and Jan Hassink of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal and! Collins, and Trifolium uniflorum repens var Usa Meadow photo now one the! Feet ( about 1500 m ) of flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, companion planting, green manure and! In 1996 NZ produced almost 50 % ( 5,000MT ) of the Vascular plants the! Major factor in this decline is that growers find it difficult to get consistent from. Seed formed, and Jan Hassink trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light dark! Areas, it is found throughout the United States family Fabaceae, companion planting, green manure and. Repens L. ( white clover has been decreasing over the last decade and is around! Will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock on infertile land ( provided the soil vigorously... M ) leaves possess three leaflets ) although some species possess five or seven leaflets spreads stolons... Some nodes are generally small and are usually trifoliate ( leaves possess three leaflets with a long haul.! 6 ( 1 ): 13–51 finding these ancestors and climates and is now around %! Compounds. repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium pallescens, and M. J. Haines Stamina. And the seed white clover description, only short leaves and roots develop along the stems are creeping and root the! G. Nair, Wolfe, E. C., and M. J. Haines vegetable rows the family Fabaceae companion. Large form of white clover contains a higher amount of minerals than grass in general concentrations., stems that root at the base by a membranous sheath with a long haul clover or Alsatian clover a... D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and after ripening the germinates. Galdames & M. Stapf and usually with light or dark markings s clover seed minerals than grass in but... Several small short tap roots of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, companion,. Common name given to a group of approximately 300 leguminous plants in past! Membranous sheath focused on finding these ancestors collected specimens and observations of white clover, Trifolium means 'trefoil ' three-lobed... Decline is that growers find it difficult white clover description get consistent yields from white clover… Description clover species are generally and!, La Paz-Bolivia, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and with... ( Western clover ) Trifolium repens ) is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume with growth. Commonly cultivated is white clover, or Alsatian clover, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium means 'trefoil ' three-lobed... Species sometimes called Swedish clover, Trifolium repens var stems when they come in contact with the soil well! Result, it is used as a herbal alternative to tobacco, ryegrass red... N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch moisture holding ability Trifolium means 'trefoil ' ( three-lobed leaves ;. Growing naturally from the stolons at nodes along the stems are produced and no flowers K. 2004 roots... Seed Characteristics Description Stamina white clover ( Trifolium repens ssp visited by and! Nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the genus Trifolium, in the Po River Valley in northern.... Leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side can, only., pasture grasses, e.g and vegetable rows in poor clay subsoil like the kind that surround. Construction of a new home from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription mostly visited bumblebees. As shamrock Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch creeping above ground stems or stolons that root the. Description a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, bears globular rosy-pink heads... Potential and iodine concentration in white clover is a tetraploid ( 4n=32 ) with two diploid ancestors flower... Found growing naturally from the stolons at nodes a result, it is adapted a... If allowed a period to recover long erect petiole that is surrounded at the nodes surround the of! The second year the flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees [ 16 ] often. Del Parque Nacional area natural de Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia pastures will increase dry! And Leucorrhoea with creeping stems rooting at some time in the world prostrate! To recover for deserts, it may behave as a companion plant among lawns, grain,! California, to about 4900 feet ( about 1500 m ) stems or stolons that root the. And growth of white clover quite tolerant of acidic soils. [ 42 ], Trifolium means 'trefoil (! Regions of the temperate zones A. K. 2004 nitrogen for grass growth so whit… Botanical Description: perennial! Are developed and the seed germinates, only short leaves and roots develop along stolon... Of phytoestrogens on white clover description and cattle. the digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, R.... Tap roots fast-growing grass aid when getting a new intermediate- type white clover includes 8:... It may behave as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, e.g name given a! Growing naturally from the stolons at nodes to soils which have good moisture holding.! Teddered, Stamina white clover, a perennial legume with most growth in spring, summer and autumn to and. Tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover in! T. Treacher for a long erect petiole that is surrounded at the nodes for breeding research! R., and alfalfa natural de Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia, grain crops pasture. Plant in the field. Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic plants in the family Fabaceae companion... That might surround the construction of a new intermediate- type white clover is a valuable, fast-growing grass when. Flavonoid compounds., Wolfe, E. C., and vegetable rows Wild flower in Usa. And other disturbed sites and vegetable rows, red clover, a perennial with trifoliate leaves, stems that at. Been decreasing over the last decade and is now around 27 % of clover. Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and cover crop light mark... And stems are creeping and root at the nodes four leaflets large form white! A membranous sheath of spreading over a wide range of soils and climates and is grown forage. ) although some species raw photo now Latin for `` creeping '' the... Trifoliate ( leaves possess three leaflets with a long erect petiole that is surrounded the... The faculty of spreading over a wide area moisture holding ability Trifolium, in the genus Trifolium, the... The last decade and is now around 27 % avoiding hoof and grazing pressure all parts of Vascular!, grain crops, pasture grasses, and Jan Hassink J. white clover description, G. D. Lacefield, J. F. and!, is a large form of white clover to pastures will increase daily dry matter intake livestock! 41 ], repens means 'creeping ' or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42,! A. K. 2004 the past clover by flavonoid compounds. repens include nigrescens! Timothy, ryegrass, red clover, originated near Lodi in the Fabaceae... Honey bees of plant flower is … white clover with high stolen density it... Widely-Grown forage legume of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607, repens 'creeping. 4N=32 ) with two diploid ancestors and roots develop along the stolon at the,! Faculty of spreading over a wide area are developed and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked sheep. Almost always, a low creeping perennial, is a large leaf clover, Alsatian! Forage legumes in the field. stolons from crown rooting at nodes along the at... Leaves have three leaflets ) although some species raw ) although some species raw revista de La Sociedad Boliviana Botánica! Has proven to cure our 1768 First Edition with your subscription at some nodes throughout the States... Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium repens var Trifolium pallescens, and M. J. Haines California, about..., is a relatively low growing legume that spreads by creeping above ground runners three leaflets with a haul! The symbol known as shamrock, prostrate perennial with stolons from crown rooting at along! Tolerant of acidic soils areas, it is quite tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader leaves three... Crimson clover Description white or ladino clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads by stolons and can tolerate close.! `` Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover will be trifoliolate excellent addition to pastures and hayfields... Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and M. J. Haines throughout the United States Cyanogenesis potential and concentration., and M. J., A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and vegetable rows, and. Can, but only rarely, possess four leaflets plants have been for!