[15] The USS Ingraham (FFG-61) was en route to American Samoa and was the first U.S. military asset to arrive and assist in the recovery efforts. Tutuila island, which is located 250 [20] The hardest hit areas in Samoa appear to be Fagaloa Bay on the east coast of Upolu, Lalomanu on the south east coast, and along the rest of the southern coast of the island,[18] with one hospital in Apia reporting it had received 79 bodies. [57], Other aid came from concerned individuals and groups throughout the world, namely New Zealand, Australia, the United States and Canada. New Zealand Prime Minister John Key arrived in Samoa on 3 October and visited some of the most damaged areas on Upolu including the villages of Poutasi and Lalolamu. 5 | ReliefWeb", "Up to six NZers feared dead in tsunami – National – NZ Herald News", "Tonga Airports Limited – Airport Info > Niuatoputapu – Mata'aho Airport", "Teams arrive on Tonga's Niuatoputapu at epicentre", "The death toll on a remote Tongan island has risen to nine", "Teams reach Tongan victims – Samoa tsunami – NZ Herald News", "Service held in Tonga for tsunami victims", "Seven confirmed dead from tsunami in Tonga", "Papeete measures 5 small waves during tsunami red alert", "French Polynesia will help islands hit by tsunami", "Surfer survived Samoa tsunami by riding out the waves", "PM John Key to view Samoan damage | Stuff.co.nz", "Tsunami toll could have been worse: Samoan PM – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)", "EC announces aid for Samoan tsunami victims – Foreign", "NZ Red Cross Aid Worker And Equipment to Samoa", "LDS Church continues Samoan relief efforts | Deseret News", "National Next of Kin Registry (NOKR) offers assistance", "ADRA NZ » Blog Archive » Samoa Disaster: ADRA Visits Villages, Meets Survivors", "Samoa appeal closes topping $3.5 millon", "Oxfam sets up rapid response emergency fund for Samoa", "Tsunami Claims Lives in Samoa, Warning Called Off for Most Countries in Region", "TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001 – PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS – ISSUED AT 1804Z SEP 29, 2009", "Quake, tsunami near American Samoa kills at least 22", "Highest tides expected near Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo as tsunami advisory prompts L.A. beach closures", "Earthquake List for Map of S Pacific Region", A family devastated by the tsunami – full interview, Tsunami stories of luck and sorrow at airport, Tsunami Animation: Samoan Islands, 29 September 2009, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_Samoa_earthquake_and_tsunami&oldid=969179663, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Aid funds are also being organised by the. [31] Samoan officials confirmed the runway at Faleolo International Airport on Upolu was safe by early afternoon (30 September 2009). Samoa's prime minister, Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, said damage on the nation's two main islands, which contain almost all the 180,000 population, was extensive. The United States said federal aid would be made available to combat the devastation. There were more than 40 total aftershocks with a magnitude greater than 5.0 in the 48 hours after the mainshock. It resulted in many deaths and left tousands of people homeless. The earthquake was felt in American Samoa for up to 3 minutes, giving emergency responders, local government officials, and the public time to respond to natural warning signs because they understood the threat. [32], The Prime Minister made his first address to the nation, after the tsunami, on 1 October. US Navy 091001-F-3798Y-093 A boat is aground Thursday, Oct. 1, 2009 in Pago Pago, American Samoa after a tsunami struck the island Sept. 29, 2009 and carried it away from the harbor.jpg 1,000 × … The devastation extended beyond human casualties with houses destroyed, cars swept out to sea and some villages being virtually annihilated. [9] He told reporters that because of the tight knit communities and strong family bonds, "I don't think anybody is going to be spared this disaster. [24], A number of tourist resorts are located on Upolu's south coast. 09/29/2009 Earthquake in Samoa (Samoa Islands) with a magnitude of 8.1. A large tsunami was induced due to an M8.3 earthquake generated in a subduction zone off Samoa Islands in the South Pacific Ocean, at 6:48 on 29 September 2009 (local time). [47] The first tsunami wave at 11:10 am measured 25 cm (10 in), while the second recorded wave was measured at 35 cm (14 in) at 11:23 am[47] The waves gradually increased in size, with the fifth, and last wave, being recorded at 70 cm (28 in) tall at 12:03 pm. It was possible that a strongly decreased wave could reach Hawaii. Reliant on remittances and tourism, the economy of Samoa shrunk by 5.2 percent in 2009, as things got tougher in sending countries, and the nation’s only major manufacturer—an automotive components plant—laid off more than 1,550 workers. [35] New Zealand's Minister of Foreign Affairs Murray McCully visited Apia to co-ordinate New Zealand's emergency relief effort. The US Army Corps of Engineers, Army Geospatial Center, prepared an emergency webpage for geological, hydrological and trafficability information for relief engineering and humanitarian aid. Prior to the 2009 tsunami, American Samoa had one community hospital, one pharmacy, few physicians and clinicians, limited commercial air service, and limited support infrastructure; however, the islands [21], A Red Cross worker reported to Radio New Zealand that waves 10 feet (3 m) high had flattened beachside resorts on Upolu,[28] and that residents told him the tourist zone of Lalomanu had been crushed by a wall of water about 20–30 ft (6.1–9.1 m) high. This is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, where tectonic plates in the Earth's lithosphere meet and earthquakes and volcanic activity are common. The Government of Samoa estimates the damage at US$147.25 million. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. NCEI is the global data and information service for tsunamis. The Samoa tsunami demonstrates a problem for early warning systems - massive waves crashed ashore before researchers could analyze the earthquake and sound the alarm. Both political leaders immediately returned to Samoa. The New Zealand helicopter carrying ship HMNZS Canterbury was sent to Samoa (also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga). [16][17], Samoa evacuated people from the entire city of Apia, the country's capital city on the island of Upolu and moving thousands of residents to higher ground. A tsunami watch was issued for islands farther from the epicenter, including Hawaii and Papua New Guinea, but not for California, USA. Global historical tsunami data, including more information about the Samoa Islands 2009 earthquake and tsunami, are available via interactive maps and a variety of web services. A total of 192 humans died. Large waves with no major damage were reported on the coasts of Fiji, the northern coast of New Zealand[7] and Rarotonga in the Cook Islands. At least three major waves hit, with the highest 22 meters on the southern coast of Tafahi. In the main villages of Hihifo, Falehau, and Vaipoa, flow heights measured 4 to 7 meters. [33] There were no reports of high waves from Vanuatu, Kiribati, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands. The United States sent the US Navy frigate USS Ingraham, two US Air Force C-17 Globemaster III aircraft from the 154th Wing, and 90 members of the Hawaii National Guard to American Samoa to assist in the relief efforts there. [47] Residents of the Society Islands, which include the tourist resort areas of Tahiti and Moorea, were advised to move above 5 m (16 ft) above sea level, for safety. [50], New Zealand dispatched RNZAF P-3 Orions to assess the damage and search for bodies. The tsunami was a wake-up call there. [23] Elsewhere there were reports of landslides near Solosolo and damage to plantations near Apia. An RNZAF C-130 Hercules with medical staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and food was sent on the 30th. [47] The alert for the Marquesas Islands was extended 2:50 pm until the threat had passed. Niue was reported as reasonably safe because it is high. [9] The water flowed inland about 100 yd (100 m) before receding, leaving some cars stuck in the mud. [11], U.S. President Barack Obama declared a major disaster for its dependent territory, American Samoa, allowing federal funds to be used for rescues, life support, and public health and safety measures. [58], A tsunami warning was initially issued for American Samoa, Samoa, Niue, Wallis and Futuna, Tokelau, the Cook Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Kiribati, the Kermadec Islands, Fiji, Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Palmyra Island, Vanuatu, Nauru, Marshall Islands, and Solomon Islands. [73] Officials were determining whether the tsunami could reach Hawaii, the center said. [9], A beach village was reported to have been "wiped out", killing at least 14 people after the earthquake had sent residents fleeing for higher ground. Die Intensität des Erdbebens erreichte nach den Angaben des United States Geological Survey eine Momenten-Magnitude von 8,0 Mw. [48], The Guardian reported 189 deaths; 149 in Samoa, 31 American Samoa, 9 Tonga (2 October 2009). According to the October 16 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to exceptional drought covers 20.5% of the United States. [36], The Samoa government and the people of Samoa held a national funeral at Apia Park for tsunami victims on 8 October 2009 (Samoa local time). This recognition promotes the territory’s ongoing efforts at hardening its warning dissemination (sirens, emergency alert system, social media), conducting regular community and school outreach, and creating evacuation maps and response plans with regular drills. The Samoa tsunami of September 29, 2009, was the fifth tsunami studied by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) field teams in 15 years, and yet it presented many surprises. [21] The village of Poutasi on the south west coast of Upolu was reported with extensive damage in a TVNZ news item, along with its neighbouring Villages of Satalo and Salani being completely wiped out. [46], Relief efforts undertaken by the Tongan government and Red Cross focused on Niuatoputapu, with support from Australia, New Zealand and France. [29] The cliffs above Lalomanu were scoured out to a height of 10–15 m (33–49 ft).[30]. At least 77 people were reported dead in … Luckily, many of the residents were able to evacuate to higher places during the first and second smaller waves. References & Resources Foley, M. (2009, September 30). On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. 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